Pediment


Pediment
   A common element of Greco-Roman architecture, a pediment is the triangular area on the façade of a temple formed by the slopes of its pitched roof. Greco-Roman pediments were usually filled with sculpture reliefs that illustrate the myths of the ancients. In the Renaissance, the interest in the revival of classical antiquity resulted in the incorporation of the pediment into the architectural vocabulary of the period. Pediments were used not only on the façade of churches and other buildings but also to cap doors, windows, and niches. Rectilinear pediments many times alternated with segmented pediments, which are semicircular in form, to create a sense of rhythm and movement. Broken pediments became a common feature of Mannerist and Baroque architecture.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • pédiment — [ pedimɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1937; angl. pediment « fronton » ♦ Géol. Glacis d érosion développé sur une roche dure, typique des régions désertiques. Aplanissement formé par des pédiments contigus (ou pédiplaine n. f. ). ● pédiment nom masculin (anglais… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pediment — pedimént s. n., pl. pediménte Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  PEDIMÉNT s.n. (geol.) Câmpie de eroziune, situată la piciorul munţilor din deşert şi acoperită cu aluviuni. [< fr. pédiment, engl. pediment]. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pediment — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pediment Se trata de un glacis modelado sobre roca uniformente dura. Su forma es muy similar a la del glacis, pero con diferencias tales como que el contacto con la pendiente es brusco, recibe el nombre de knick y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pediment — (lateinisch: Fuß) ist eine Gebirgsfußfläche, also eine schmale Übergangszone zwischen Gebirge und Ebene, welche im Gegensatz zum Glacis, schuttfrei ist. Nach H. Zepp: Geomorphologie (2004) wird die Pediplanation als Prozess der Bildung von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pediment — pedìment (pedimȅnt) m DEFINICIJA geogr. blaga kosina gorskog podnožja ETIMOLOGIJA lat. pes: noga …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Pediment — Ped i*ment, n. [L. pes, pedis, a foot. See {Foot}.] (Arch.) Originally, in classical architecture, the triangular space forming the gable of a simple roof; hence, a similar form used as a decoration over porticoes, doors, windows, etc.; also, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pediment — triangular part of the facade of a Greek style building, 1660s, alteration of periment, peremint (1590s), apparently a dialectal garbling of PYRAMID (Cf. pyramid), the connection perhaps being the triangular shape. Sometimes associated with ped… …   Etymology dictionary

  • pediment — ► NOUN Architecture ▪ the triangular upper part of the front of a classical building, typically set over a portico. ORIGIN perhaps an alteration of PYRAMID(Cf. ↑pyramid) …   English terms dictionary

  • pediment — [ped′i mənt] n. [altered (after L pes, gen. pedis,FOOT) < earlier periment, prob. altered < PYRAMID] 1. a low pitched gable on the front of some buildings in the Grecian style of architecture: see PORTICO 2. any similar triangular piece… …   English World dictionary

  • Pediment — The upper part of the Greek National Academy building in Athens, showing the pediment with sculptures This article is about the architectural element. For the landform, see Pediment (geology). A pediment is a classical architectural element… …   Wikipedia

  • pediment — pedimental /ped euh men tl/, adj. pedimented /ped euh men tid, meuhn /, adj. /ped euh meuhnt/, n. 1. (in classical architecture) a low gable, typically triangular with a horizontal cornice and raking cornices, surmounting a colonnade, an end wall …   Universalium


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